One decade into the 21st-century, Africa has among the highest rates of urbanization in human history. The simple explanation is that cities offer more options â€” for finding a job, improving quality of life and building a better future for oneself and oneâ€™s family. At the same time, globalization has emerged as a force that not only expands possibilities for millions of Africans, but also has the potential to erode cultural diversity on the continent. In this context, the single greatest challenge that Africa faces today is creating opportunity at the community level without compromising the natural environment and African ways of life.
As Africa rapidly urbanizes, there is an overwhelming demand for infrastructure and housing throughout the continent. In Nigeria, one of the most populous nations on the continent, many of the settlements cannot adequately accommodate residents in a healthy or sustainable manner. Often, systems are non-existent or over-stretched. As more people migrate into cities, poor facilities, congestion and health hazards systematically deteriorates the quality of life and destroys the environment.