ANAM city will begin on present day Ebenebe, a rural site in the tropical rainforest belt of Anambra State, East Nigeria. Future developments will expand within the Anam Agropolitan region, located in the low plain to the northwest of Anambra River. The region is generally referred to as the Niger-Anambra River Plain north of Onitsha, and it stretches for over 36 km east of the Niger River. The region also enjoys access to Onitsha, a major industrial hub and gateway of Eastern Nigeria.
Ebenebe extends on the western banks of the Ezichi River and covers about 76.8 hectares (189.8 acres). It is bounded by Mmiata Anam on the north, Umueze Anam on the south, Ezichi River on the east, and Umueze-Mmiata Anam State Road on the west. The project site currently consists of wetlands, forest and agricultural land. The only constructions on the site are traditional huts made of mud and bamboos where farmers live seasonally.
The main ecological hazards on the project site are flooding and minor erosion. Soil degradation, rapid deforestation, flooding and consequent erosion along the riverbanks have effected agricultural activities. In the peak of rainy season, high precipitation often results in excessive flooding, such that the undulations occupied by settlements are marooned for some months. People use canoes and boats as their primary model of movement and transportation. Extensive wetland ecologies complement the farming activities, providing natural and seasonal irrigation to the plots.
The city’s urban design is regionally appropriate and ecologically responsive. The city master plan creates an efficient and flexible way to use land while minimizing the impacts of the development on natural resources.
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